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Associated Experts

Naomi Chudowsky, Consultant
Dr. Chudowsky researches and writes about educational testing. She has contributed to several Center reports, including High School Exit Exams: A Baseline Report, the TestTalk for Leaders series, and From the Capital to the Classroom: State and Federal Efforts to Implement the No Child Left Behind Act. Prior to becoming a consultant, she was a study director for the Board on Testing and Assessment of the National Research Council. She has also worked for the state of Connecticut and the U.S. Department of Education on the development of student assessments. Dr. Chudowsky has a B.A. in psychology from the University of California, San Diego and a Ph.D. in educational psychology from Stanford University.

Tom Fagan, Consultant
Mr. Fagan assisted CEP in researching and writing From the Capital to the Classroom: State and Federal Efforts to Implement the No Child Left Behind Act. Prior to his retirement from the U.S. Department of Education in 1998, Mr. Fagan served as Director of Goals 2000 and for several years was in charge of policy for Title I. He has also been a public school teacher and administrator. Mr. Fagan has master's degree in public administration from Harvard University and a doctorate in education from Columbia University.

Wayne C. Riddle, Consultant
Wayne is an independent, non-partisan consultant on federal education policy. Between 1972 and 2009, Wayne served as an education policy analyst, specialist, and manager at the Congressional Research Service (CRS) of the Library of Congress. His areas of specialization include education for the disadvantaged, educational governance and intergovernmental relations, educational assessment and accountability, international and comparative education, and elementary and secondary education reform. His publications include a wide variety of CRS reports for the Congress, as well as articles, book chapters, etc., published by the American Education Finance Association, National Center for Education Statistics, and similar organizations. He was head of CRS’ Education Section from 1979-1985 and of the Education and Labor Section from 2002-06. He began working on issues related to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) during consideration of the Education Amendments of 1974, and led CRS teams supporting reauthorization of the ESEA in 1977-78, 1981, 1987-88, 1993-94, 1999-2001, and 2007-09. Wayne has received a bachelor’s degree in history from the University of Virginia, and a master’s degree in economics from George Washington University.

Caitlin Scott, Consultant
Dr. Scott assists the Center in conducting case studies and writing reports about the implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and Reading First, a federal program aimed at improving reading in the early grades. She researches and writes about education issues, particularly those relating to urban schools, teachers, and students. She began her career in education as a classroom teacher of students with mild disabilities, administered a public school tutoring program, and most recently worked as a staff writer for CATALYST-CLEVELAND, an education magazine covering Cleveland Municipal School District. Scott received her doctorate in education from Cleveland State University, an MT in education from the University of Virginia, and an MA in creative writing from the University of Florida. Her B.A. is in English and creative writing is from Oberlin College.

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